Pathologists work on a wide range of diseases including cancer and the majority of cancer diagnoses are made by pathologists.
Molecular Pathology deals with the study of an anomaly of the cells and tissues at the molecular level. It involves the study of any organs or tissues by identifying the molecules in the cells and examining them. It can be referred to as the combination of both anatomical and clinical pathology. The techniques used in molecular pathology include karyotype imaging of chromosomes, polymerase chain reaction (PCR) to amplify DNA, DNA microarrays (small samples of DNA placed onto biochips), and fluorescence labeling Clinical Pathology deals with the diagnosis of the disease through the laboratory analysis of the fluids and tissues. The example includes identifying any microorganisms such as bacteria that are present in a sample, the chemical components of blood may be examined. Anatomical pathology deals with the study of anatomical features, the effect of disease on the organs, tissue removed from the body, or even an entire body in the case of an autopsy. The primary role is to identify abnormalities to help diagnose and manage treatment.
The physician who is specialized in radiology is known as a Radiologist. This branch of medicine can be classified into two different areas Diagnostic radiology and interventional radiology Diagnostic radiology aids the physician to capture detailed internal images of the body. This test method is generally noninvasive, i.e. it does not involve any tools that physically enter the body or break the skin. Yet there may be minimal invasion required for the certain procedure to diagnose and treat a condition. The diagnostic radiology exams include Nuclear medicine such as a thyroid scan, bone scan, and thallium cardiac stress test; Computed tomography (CT); CT angiography; Fluoroscopy; Mammography; Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI); magnetic resonance angiography (MRA); Ultrasound; x-rays; Positron emission tomography(PET) scan; PET-CT
The interventional radiology exams include Uterine artery embolization; Angiography or angioplasty and stent placement; Feeding tube placement; Needle biopsies of different organs, such as the lungs and thyroid gland; Cancer treatments including tumor embolization using chemoembolization or Y-90 radioembolization; Embolization to control bleeding; Venous access catheter; Breast biopsy, guided either by stereotactic or ultrasound techniques; placement, such as ports and PICCs; Vertebroplasty and kyphoplasty; Tumor ablation with radiofrequency ablation, cryoablation, or microwave ablation In the early days before the emergence of imaging technology, the only way to look into the patient's body was through invasive surgery, but with this technology, the physician could look into the patient body directly and can detect the issues at an early stage, diagnose and treat various health conditions. Due to early detection, the survival rate has increased and recovery time has decreased as a result the overall quality of patient care has enhanced. The technologists in safe hands are trained and certified to operate the imaging equipment and provide high-quality diagnostic imaging tests.
Our Popular Diagnostic Tests